"This is even more important for astronauts during spaceflight, as they have altered immunity and do not have access to the sophisticated medical interventions available on Earth", corresponding author Kasthuri Venkateswaran said in a journal news release.
In addition to the danger of disease, the forming bacteria could lead to mechanical blockages on the station's infrastructure as it causes "microbial-induced" corrosion back on Earth.
For the experiment, eight different locations aboard the ISS were tested over three flight sample sessions in an effort to determine which microorganisms can populate in a closed space. They included organisms as well that are considered opportunistic pathogens on Earth, such as Staphylococcusaureus which is common in the nasal passage, and Enterobacter that is associated with the human gastrointestinal tract.
Microflora can have a range of impacts on human health, so it pays to know exactly what you're up against - especially in space. There are a lot of factors that could make them sick or not, but the most important fact is the health status of each on the space station. The most noticeable bacteria were Staphylococcus, Pantoea, and Bacillus.
What they found was a thriving community of microbes, but while the fungal groups were relatively stable over time, the bacterial groups appeared to fluctuate along with the ever-changing crew.
However, this kind of bacteria is found in offices, gyms, and hospitals, and that means that the ISS has a similarity to other environments build by humans, and it's shaping around peoples occupation. Samples taken during the second flight mission had higher microbial diversity than samples collected during the first and third missions.
"Regardless, the detection of possible disease-causing organisms highlights the importance of further studies to examine how these ISS microbes function in space", said Dr Checinska Sielaff, the study's first author. The authors suggest that these temporal differences may come down to which astronauts are aboard the ISS at any given time.
This is already the largest number of measles cases since 2014, when a total of 667 cases were recorded, the officials say. The outbreak comes after a Derby Middle School student was diagnosed with a confirmed case of the disease.
The Addams Family is back on the big screen in the first animated comedy about this creepy and kooky clan. Pugsley, a menacing 10-year-old on over-drive, enjoys getting into any kind of awful mischief he can find.
The senior senator told the Washington Post he is "very, very concerned" about reports of possible further DHS dismissals. Kirstjen Nielsen resigned as Secretary of Homeland Security, the department that oversees immigration , on Sunday.
It was announced in March previous year Mr Packer was resigning from the casino operator's board "for personal reasons". Crown Resorts confirmation followed a report on the deal by the Australian Financial Review , published on Monday.
After all, just because you're a rival in the smartphone industry doesn't mean you can not supply a particular component. The company stands to make a lot of money if its 5G modem finds a way inside the iPhone 2020.
Democrats have raised questions about how Barr was so quickly able to boil down Mueller's report into four pages. The Justice Department has said a redacted version of Mueller's report will be made public in mid-April.
The tax returns, the bill states, must be requested for a "specified and legitimate legislative goal ". Mike Quigley , D-Illinois, chair of the House Appropriations subcommittee that oversees Treasury.
After you've rebooted your PC, check to see that you're on "Release Preview", as shown here, to receive the new build. For most of the year, the only way out of the Insider builds is to reinstall the previous stable Windows release.
Boeing records zero new Max orders following global groundings
That was not surprising - Boeing suspended deliveries in mid-March after regulators around the world ordered the plane grounded. Many analysts believe the deliveries will only be delayed, not lost forever, unless airlines cancel orders for the plane.
Activists Remove 40 Neglected Animals From Zoo in Gaza
Four Paws said 47 animals were successfully removed from the zoo in the Palestinian city of Rafah over the weekend. In 2004, Rafah Zoo, which is located in the southernmost part of the Gaza Strip, was nearly completely demolished.
Marvel Studios boss teases five-year plan for MCU
Feige indicated that it could be some time before the former Fox-owned Marvel characters, like the X-Men, show up in the MCU. He also said that plans will be revealed after "Spider-Man: Far From Home " is released in July.
Big Move To The Istanbul New Airport Successfully Completed
Worldwide and domestic flights at Istanbul Airport are now being increased incrementally as of Saturday after its mega move. The planned further increases to an eventual capacity of 200 million would far exceed the world's other busy airports.
Wozniacki, Keys to play clay-court final in Charleston
Neither Wozniacki nor Keys has won this season, continuing a curious trend on the WTA of a different victor each week. Keys had nine aces among her 29 winners and committed 17 unforced errors while dispatching Puig in 85 minutes.
Allegri: Cristiano Ronaldo will start against Ajax
Ronaldo scored a hat trick against Atletico Madrid in the last 16, nearly single-handedly overturning a first-leg deficit. Ronaldo suffered a hamstring injury as Portugal drew their European Championship qualifier against Serbia last month.
New York Giants 2019 preseason schedule announced
The matchup with the Cowboys will be played at Aloha Stadium in Hawaii on August 17 as one of the Rams' two home preseason games. The Rams caught somewhat of a break with only one of their preseason opponents also being on their regular-season schedule.
Chris Mullin Expected To Step Down At St. John’s
Hurley was a star point guard at Duke, and he helped guide the Blue Devils to back-to-back national championships in 1991 and '92. The day after the stunning news that Chris Mullin was stepping down as head coach after four seasons at his alma mater, St.