Friday, 19 April, 2019

Sudden outbreak of measles prompts emergency declaration, renews vaccination debate

Tribune editorial Don’t fall for anti-vax scare campaigns Sudden outbreak of measles prompts emergency declaration, renews vaccination debate
Celia Hoffman | 05 February, 2019, 23:38

Before the vaccine's introduction in 1963, there were four million measles cases in the USA every year, with 48,000 hospitalizations and 500 deaths.

So how do people die of the measles? In the rare case of deficiency, vitamin A can be used to prevent severe complications of measles, including blindness and death. At least 34 people affected are children between 1 and 10.

A measles outbreak in the Portland, Ore., area has revived a bitter debate over "philosophical" exemptions to childhood vaccinations as public health officials across the Northwest scramble to limit the fallout.

The best single way to protect yourself and your children is to be vaccinated.
Doctors generally prescribe antibiotics for patients who develop eye and ear infections or pneumonia.

A CDC report shows around 80 patients contracted measles since the year started. If you are not sure if you are immune to measles, you can get a blood test to find out. Both cases were hospitalized and have been released, according to health officials.

"When it starts to present itself, anywhere between the first and second week, the most concerning manifestation is a pretty high fever, anywhere from 101 to 104 degrees".

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Insinuations that vaccines are unsafe spread via misinformation and anecdotal reports of alleged vaccine reactions, either by unqualified professionals, the media, the internet and/or anti-vaccination groups, and this leads parents to question the need for immunization. "SSPE has been almost eliminated with widespread measles vaccination".

Symptoms of measles generally begin a week to 14 days after infection. Complications are more common in young children and adults.

The overwhelming majority - more than 95% - of measles deaths occur in countries with low per capita incomes and weak health infrastructures, such as nations experiencing or recovering from a natural disaster or conflict. People are asked to go and vaccinate as soon as possible.

But physicians and researchers have known for decades now that the MMR (measles, mumps and rubella) vaccine is safe and effective. In its new year message for 2019, the World Health Organization (WHO) cited vaccine hesitancy as one of the world's top 10 global health threats, alongside air pollution and climate change, noncommunicable diseases, global influenza pandemic, and dengue, among others. "The recommended two doses of the measles vaccine provide even greater protection - 97 percent".

They are 12 months old through preschool-aged and have documentation of one MMR vaccine.

Vaccine acceptance, according to the study conducted by Larson, H.J., et.al.

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