Wednesday, 20 March, 2019

U.S. cancer deaths continue to decline

Colorectal cancer endangers more 20-to-30-year-olds: study - Xinhua | English.news.cn U.S. cancer death rate hits milestone – but it's not all good news
Celia Hoffman | 11 January, 2019, 20:43

The latest statistics from the American Cancer Society (ACS) reveal that adults under the age of 55 have seen their colorectal cancer rate rise 2 percent per year since the mid-1990s.

The latest numbers show the cancer death rate has dropped 27 percent since 1991 - with the lung cancer death rate down almost 50 percent among men over that time. Obesity-related cancer deaths are rising, and prostate cancer deaths are no longer dropping, said Rebecca Siegel, lead author of the American Cancer Society report published Tuesday. According to the article, New York City will spend up to $100 million per year for the plan, which involves expanding the city's existing public insurance programs and providing uninsured residents with access to affordable care at city-owned facilities.

The most recently available data, which is from 2016, found 156 deaths per 100,000 people.

Death rates for children and adolescents have declined continuously for many years, amounting to an overall 65% reduction from 1970 to 2016.

Cancer made up 22% of all deaths in 2016, making it the second leading causeof deathin the United States, following heart disease. However, this has narrowed the gap from 1993 when the rate was 33%. Cancer outcomes differ among racial/ethnic groups The rates of new cancer cases and cancer deaths vary quite a bit among racial and ethnic groups, with rates generally highest among African Americans and lowest for Asian Americans.

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This year, 1,762,450 new cancer cases and 606,880 cancer deaths are projected to occur in the United States. In 2019, an estimated 11,060 children in this age group will be diagnosed with cancer and 1,190 will die from it. Leukemia accounts for nearly a third (28%) of all childhood cancers, followed by brain and other nervous system tumors (26%). Between 2008 and 2014, the 5-year relative survival rate for children rose to 83% from the previous 58% in the mid-1970s and rose to 85% for adolescents from the previous rate of 68%. If you want to dive deeper into the data the full report breaks down cancer cases by body part and even by state.

Yet "it gives us a touch point on what's going on in cancer in the United States, because if we don't know what the trends are and the populations that are most burdened by the disease, then we can't do anything about it", Siegel said.

The lifetime probability of being diagnosed with cancer is 39.3% for men and 37.7% for women, which is a little more than 1 in 3.

Rates of new cases also rose for melanoma skin cancer, thyroid cancer, endometrial cancer, and pancreatic cancer. For instance, cervical cancer mortality was 40 percent higher for women living in poor counties than for women in affluent counties, and lung and liver cancer in men showed the same trend, according to a statement from the American Cancer Society. Note: material may have been edited for length and content.

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