Monday, 10 December, 2018

Just $2 per person a year could halt deadly superbugs, OECD says

Drug-resistant bacteria killed more than 33,000 people in Europe in 2015 according to new research published separately this week Antibiotic resistant superbugs 'will kill 90,000 Britons by 2050'
Celia Hoffman | 10 November, 2018, 07:11

Resistance to second and third-line antibiotics - which presents the most advanced and effective line of defence to prevent infections - is expected to be 70 percent higher in 2030, compared to AMR rates in 2005 for the same antibiotic-bacterium combinations, while resistance to third-line treatments will double in European Union countries.

A new report from the OECD [Wednesday] estimates that antimicrobial resistant infection is on track to kill 30,000 Americans per year by 2050, nearly as many as die in motor vehicle accidents.

This includes around 1.3 million deaths across Europe.

Simple measures such as hand-washing and more prudent prescriptions of antibiotics could avert some of the deaths, the authors said. The report said enhanced rapid testing to ensure patients are given appropriate drugs could also help overcome the looming crisis. "Just A Few Dollars More" says the average resistance proportions in Turkey, Korea and Greece (about 35 percent) were seven times higher than in Iceland, the Netherlands and Norway, the countries with the lowest proportions or about 5 percent.

Additionally, the OECD reports that an investment in a comprehensive public health package could pay for itself in OECD countries within one year and end up creating a saving of approximately $4.8 billion per year.

Tim Jinks, head of the Wellcome Trust's drug-resistant infections priority programme, said: "This new OECD report offers important insight into how simple, cost-effective surveillance, prevention and control methods could save lives globally".

More news: Trump Says Federal Government May Get Involved in Florida Vote

More worrisome still, "resistance to antibiotics prescribed in second-or third-line should be greater than 70% in 2030 to levels in 2005".

Its findings suggest 2,120 Britons die each year as a result of infections by eight resistant bacteria, equivalent to 3.27 deaths per 100,000 people.

The report comes after health officials in England launched a campaign to try to prevent people from asking for the drugs when they do not need them.

It found some reasons for cautious optimism, with the average growth of drug resistance slowing down across the OECD, but added there were "serious causes for concern".

The health body's latest campaign reminds people that if they are feeling unwell "antibiotics aren't always needed".

"Drug-resistant superbugs are on the rise worldwide and represent a fundamental threat to global health and development".

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