Sunday, 18 November, 2018

[Graphic News] Spain set to have longest life expectancy in world

Американцы назвали нацию которая будет жить дольше остальных Spain will have the world's longest life expectancy in the next 20 years — and the US will fall behind China in the rankings
Celia Hoffman | 22 October, 2018, 17:24

Japan has had the longest life expectancy in the world for years. The U.S. will drop from 43rd to 64th place, with an average life expectancy of 79.8 by the year 2040.

The Western Hemisphere as a whole is expected to lose standing in the world as life expectancy in other areas grows at a faster pace.

The cause of long life in Spain in lifestyle, according to the study authors.

The study, "Forecasting life expectancy, years of life lost, and all-cause and cause-specific mortality for 250 causes of death: reference and alternative scenarios for 2016-40 for 195 countries and territories using data from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016", was carried out by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME).

Japan, which sat atop the 2016 list, will fall to No. 2 at 85.7 years, followed by Singapore at 85.4.

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Expatica, an online guide for expats, estimates that Spain spends about 10% of its GDP on healthcare. Spain, CNN reported, is one of several European countries to offer tax-funded healthcare.

In a shift that will be seen by some to reflect a superpower changing-of-the-guard, the world's two largest economies effectively swap positions compared to 2016: In 2040 the United States drops from 43rd to 64th (79.8 years), while China rises from 68th to 39th (81.9 years). The United States, which is now at 43rd place, is expected to plummet to 64th place (79.8 years). The increase would put China in 39th place. For example, China will boast of the growth of life of the population by 5.6 years, while the average people of this country will live 81,9 years.

In a worst-case result, Lesotho's life expectancy could be as low as 45.3 years, according to the study. Rounding out the rest of the bottom is the Central African Republic with a life expectancy of 58.4, Zimbabwe with 61.3 and Somalia with 63.6.

The five biggest drivers of health worldwide are high blood pressure, high body mass index, high blood sugar, tobacco use, and alcohol use, according to the researchers. Though other risks, such as unsafe water and child malnutrition, are expected to decrease, the overall life expectancy will go up more slowly than before.

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