Thursday, 15 November, 2018

Scientists shocked by a discovery at the bottom of the ocean

Atacama snailfish cluster around a fish left as bait. Credit Newcastle University Atacama snailfish cluster around a fish left as bait. Credit Newcastle University
Cary Marshall | 14 September, 2018, 10:56

On the study of the Peruvian-Chilean trench, a team of 40 researchers from 17 countries.

The scientists believe the fish they saw are a new species of snailfish (Liparidae), with three color variations.

The pink, blue, and purple fish, which will eventually be described in scientific papers and hopefully given some formal names (I propose Tynamo), are part of the Liparidae family, which includes many other deep ocean dwellers around the world. Their appearance has little in common with stereotypical ideas about deep sea fish: they don't have big teeth and they look in General negrono. Instead of enormous teeth and imperiled frame, the fish that maneuver in the deepest path of the ocean are small, translucent, stripped of scales and are highly proficient of residing where other sea animals can not.

"Their gelatinous structure means they are perfectly adapted to living at extreme pressure and in fact the hardest structures in their bodies are the bones in their inner ear which give them balance and their teeth", Dr. Thomas Linley of Newcastle University explains. These fish have been found living at depths of 7,500 meters (24,000 feet) below the surface and provide new insight about what kind of life thrives in the deepest, darkest regions of the ocean.

"As the footage clearly shows, there are lots of invertebrate prey down there, and the snailfish are the top predator".

More news: Carolina Braces for Florence Storm Surge

As well as the new fish, the researchers also filmed footage of long-legged isopods known as Munnopsids. Indeed, sea creatures discovered in the deepest reaches of the ocean typically have distinctive characteristics that come with adapting to living under extreme pressure, in freezing temperatures and out of sunlight's reach. But without the pressures of the deep sea to support them, their fragile, boneless bodies melt when they crest the surface of the sea.

The trench is almost 6000km long and more than 8km deep, running along the west coast of South America. This trench runs along the west coast of South America. That specimen was preserved, is in "very good" condition and is being studied by a team that includes researchers from the Natural History Museum in London. So far, they have recorded over 100 hours of video and taken 11,468 photographs, but given the vastness of the Pacific and the other oceans on Earth, they're still just scratching the surface.

These crustaceans have small bodies, extraordinarily long legs and swim backwards and upsides down.

The first assessments of this discovery, as well as various images of the expedition, have been presented at the 2018 Challenger Conference held on 10-14 September at the University of Newcastle (United Kingdom).

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