Saturday, 17 November, 2018

Cancer to kill 9.6 million worldwide in 2018

The global burden of cancer continues to grow in spite of scientific advances 18 million new cancer cases this year: WHO
Celia Hoffman | 13 September, 2018, 16:13

The UN researchers said lung cancer kills the most people, followed by breast cancer in women and colorectal cancer.

"A lot of those (cancer cases) could be prevented, with key prevention efforts focusing on some of the main risk factors which we have heard about: tobacco consumption, alcohol consumption, lack of physical activity and improper diet", said Dr. Etienne Krug, director of WHO's department of non-communicable diseases.

However, the age-adjusted cancer prevalence rate has remained the same. The number of cancer deaths in the country stood at 784,821. And along with breast cancer, lung cancer also causes among the highest number of new cases of the disease: 2.1 million new cases of each are expected to be diagnosed this year alone.

The agency also explained that in rapidly growing economies, a shift from cancers related to poverty and infections to cancer associated with lifestyles more typical of industrialised countries is observed.

But it added that most countries still face an overall rise in the number of cancer cases diagnosed and needing treatment.

The rise, from 14.1 million cases and 8.2 million deaths in 2012, is partly due to a growing and ageing population.

Europe accounts for 23.4 per cent of global cancer cases and 20.3 per cent of cancer deaths, although it has only 9 per cent of the global population.

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"Extraordinary diversity" Overall, the report estimates, almost half of all cases and most cancer deaths in the world this year will occur in Asia, partly because of the large numbers of people living in the continent and partly because some cancers with higher death rates are more common in this region.

The Americas have 13.3 per cent of the global population and account for 21 per cent of cancer cases and 14.4 per cent of cancer deaths. This is because these regions have a higher frequency of certain cancer types that are associated with poorer prognosis, and higher mortality rates, IARC says, in addition to limited access to diagnosis and treatment.

In Asia and in Africa, cancer deaths (57.3 per cent and 7.3 per cent respectively) are higher than the number identified (48.4 per cent and 5.8 per cent).

Lung cancer - mainly caused by smoking - is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide, the report said.

The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) provides regular snapshots of the scale of cancer around the world, looking closely at 36 different cancers in 185 countries.

The figures highlighted a worrying rise in lung cancer rates for women - it is now the leading cause of female cancer deaths in 28 countries including Denmark, the Netherlands, China, and New Zealand.

The figures suggest one in five men and one in six women will develop the disease in their lifetime.

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