Tuesday, 20 November, 2018

Quake reveals 1,000-year-old Aztec temple

The temple dedicated to the rain god Tlaloc and located within the Teopanzolco pyramid in Cuernavaca Morelos state belonged to the region's Tlahuica culture Earthquake reveals 1,000-year-old Aztec temple
Jeannette Daniel | 13 July, 2018, 23:42

The discovery was made when scientists from Mexico's National Institute of Anthropology and History used a radar to check for structural damage to the Teopanzolco pyramid in Cuernavaca. The National Institute of Anthropology and History said Wednesday that in doing fix work, experts found a smaller, older temple inside that probably dates to 1150 to 1200. For the most part, this cataclysmic force of nature brought nothing but death and destruction, but now archeologists have revealed that this natural event actually helped them to track down the remnants of two Aztec god temples hidden within an ancient pyramid.

The substructure of the older pyramid reportedly lies below this temple.

Works take place at the substructure inside the Teopanzolco pyramid in Cuernavaca, Morelos State, Mexico, on July 11.

'This finding changes the chronology of Teopanzolco, since the basement was first discovered and then, in the image of that type of construction, the Templo Mayor was built in Tenochtitlan.

The greatest damage was at the top, where two temples had already been discovered - one dedicated to the Mesoamerican god of the sun and war, Huitzilopochtli, and another to Tlaloc.

More than 200 people were killed in Mexico City and many people were trapped under rubble when buildings were toppled.

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The magnitude 7.1 quake on September 19 caused parts of the pyramid to sink or lean. While it was not unusual for the Tlahuica people, who built this complex, to construct new structures on top of others, the discovery was uncertainly not expected.

She said it was common for pre-Hispanic cultures to build one temple over another.

The archaeologists also recovered ceramic artifacts and a censer featuring Tlahuica motifs as well as a significant amount of charcoal that could have been left over from either rituals carried out at the temple or from a disaster.

In addition, they claim that the structures built at Teopanzolco served as a source of inspiration for the inhabitants of Tenochtitlán, the Aztec capital that became Mexico City.

"The floor of both shrines sank and bent, which also put their stability in danger", Ms Koniecza said.

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