Wednesday, 26 September, 2018

Mother's healthy habits can prevent childhood obesity

Mother's healthy habits can prevent childhood obesity Mom's healthy lifestyle lowers child's risk of obesity
Celia Hoffman | 07 July, 2018, 21:25

What could be the effects their moms have.

In a country where about 1 out of 5 children under 19 years old are obese - according to the US Center for Disease Control and Prevention -, the experts made a decision to investigate what was making that number so high. This percentage is about 1 in every 5 children. Almost 1 in 5 children in the U.S. younger than 19 has a body mass index defined as obese, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The researchers said these findings show the impact a mother's lifestyle choices can have on her children's health, and the need for family- or parent-based approaches to reduce childhood obesity.

The risk of obesity was also lower among children of mothers' who consumed low or moderate levels of alcohol compared with children of mothers who abstained from alcohol.

The study examined the medical history and lifestyles of more than 24,000 children aged nine to 14, born to nearly 17,000 women in the US. They were the offspring of nurses who had been enrolled in the Nurses' Health Study II in the early 1990s. All of the women filled up questionnaires about their lifestyles, including data related to the five habits previously mentioned.

The U.S.is in the midst of an obesity epidemic, and as such this research could have important implications for how it is tackled.

After taking account of potentially influential factors, such as age, ethnicity, history of chronic diseases, household income and education, the researchers found that the risk of obesity was 56% lower in children of women with a healthy body weight than children of mothers in other BMI categories.

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If the mother followed following health habits then the risk of an obese child is reduced with the average of 75 percent risk. These mothers maintain a healthy weight, exercise at least the recommended 150 minutes per week, and don't smoke.

"Our study was the first to demonstrate that an overall healthy lifestyle really outweighs any individual healthy lifestyle factors followed by mothers when it comes to lowering the risk of obesity in their children", said study senior author Qi Sun.

High BMI had overtaken tobacco as the "greatest contributor to health loss" in New Zealand, he said.

The study found that 5.3 percent - or 1,282 of the children - developed obesity within a five-year follow-up period of the initial study. In a study, it has been told that these five factors contribute towards the health factors.

It is not a matter to consider that what a mother ate when she was pregnant as a maternal diet alone is not responsible for the obesity.

To the surprise of the researchers, mothers' dietary patterns were not associated with obesity in their children, possibly because children's diets are influenced by many factors, including school lunches and available food options in their neighborhoods. What children eat at school also gets a chance of affecting the diet of children. It also relied on self-reported data about mums' habits, and self-reported data is notoriously unreliable - though the researchers nevertheless emphasised the importance of mothers in preventing children from becoming obese.

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