Tuesday, 23 October, 2018

Anne Frank's family tried to escape to US, but hit roadblocks

Anne Frank as a 12-year old doing her homework- 1941. Research suggests her family attempted to immigrate to the United States and later also to Cuba Anne Frank's family tried in vain to escape Nazis to US, new research shows
Jeannette Daniel | 09 July, 2018, 05:32

A photograph (left) of Otto Frank with his daughters Anne and Margaret; at right, yellow stars worn by Dutch Jews being displayed in NY, 2007.

The Anne Frank House in Amsterdam and the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, which are both institutions dedicated to the preservation of knowledge from this dark point in history, said Friday that documents go to corroborate the theory that Anne's father Otto tried twice to collect the papers needed to obtain visas for the United States.

Knowing what was headed their way, in 1938, Otto applied to have the Frank family emigrate to the United States, which allowed limited immigration at the time.

In an effort to escape Nazi persecution, Anne Frank and her family famously spent more than two years hiding in a secret annex behind her father's business.

But the consulate was destroyed in 1940 during a German bombardment as the family waited for an answer.

"I am forced to look out for emigration and as far as I can see the U.S. is the only country we could go to", Otto Frank wrote in a letter to a friend living in NY. Even then, there was no guarantee that the Franks' application would have been approved; during the early years of the war, Americans were wary of accepting political refugees from European countries.

Soon after Frank wrote his letter about the destruction of his family's immigration applications, the US and Germany made it even harder for Jewish Germans to immigrate to America. With hundreds of thousands of people seeking refuge in the USA each year by the time war broke out in 1939, Washington was issuing fewer than 30,000 annual visas.

More news: Netflix Is Removing All Online Reviews, and Testing Out Pricier 'Ultra' Plan

The processing of a visa application also lasted several years and included a huge amount of paper work, affidavits from relatives or friends in the US.

"State Department officials, who were generally obstructionist and now anxious about possible spies and saboteurs infiltrating the United States, were under instructions to scrutinize each application even more carefully and reject anyone about whom they had any doubts", the report explains.

The war further complicated any immigration efforts. Immigration rules became stricter and finally the American consulate in the Netherlands as well as those in German-occupied Europe were closed in retaliation for the United States closing German diplomatic offices. The U.S. also increased the number of federal departments that had to approve visa applications, amplifying the red tape.

Anne Frank's diaries describing her time in hiding gave a voice to millions who died at the hands of the Nazis.

They were ultimately deported to Auschwitz.

Otto Frank, the only member of the family to survive the war, eventually saw to the publication of the diary his daughter wrote in hiding. The Ymere housing association and the Anne Frank Foundation reached an agreement to sell the house to the foundation. Anne and her sister died in Bergen-Belsen camp.

The house where the Franks hid was turned into a museum that is one of Amsterdam's most popular tourist attractions.

Recommended

  • A Thanos-Inspired Subreddit is Taking Things to Their Logical Conclusion

    A Thanos-Inspired Subreddit is Taking Things to Their Logical Conclusion

    During the climax of the film, the Avengers were ultimately unable to stop Thanos from retrieving all of the Infinity Stones. Jim Starlin, the creator of Thanos, confirmed this and that much of Thanos' story was cut out from Infinity War .
    Weapons watchdog: Samples point to chlorine in Syria attack

    Weapons watchdog: Samples point to chlorine in Syria attack

    The West said that the Syrian forces carried out this attack with chemical weapons and launched a retaliatory attack a week later. These results are reported in Annex 3.

    Hunters died in Sibuya Game Reserve

    Poaching is a major issue on the Eastern Cape with nine rhinos killed by illegal hunters on reserves this year. Someone had sawn off their heads and paws-body parts used in traditional medicine, like rhino horn.
  • Europe’s Speed Trading Platform Flow Traders Enters the Crypto-Economy

    Europe’s Speed Trading Platform Flow Traders Enters the Crypto-Economy

    The Dutch firm has traded over Dollars 284 billion in ETFs in the first quarter of 2018, making it the largest ETF firm in Europe. A month later in April, it was also reported that Goldman Sachs is in the process of setting up a cryptocurrency trading desk.
    Trump Lawyers Nearing Decision He Won't Sit for Russia Probe Interview

    Trump Lawyers Nearing Decision He Won't Sit for Russia Probe Interview

    The biggest question hanging over the investigation right now is whether or not Trump will sit down with Mueller for an interview. Trump has said he does not see Cohen turning against him. "But you know that doesn't determine not going forward with it".
    Lebanese woman sentenced to eight years for 'insulting' Egypt

    Lebanese woman sentenced to eight years for 'insulting' Egypt

    Al-Mazbouh was arrested early June at Cairo International Airport as she was on her way to board a flight out of the country. Mazbouh fiercely criticized the way she had been treated, claiming she was "harassed by taxi drivers and men in the street".
  • Iran says Trump 'destabilising' oil market

    Iran says Trump 'destabilising' oil market

    Iran, OPEC's third-largest producer, is facing USA sanctions on its oil exports that are prompting some buyers to cut purchases. On Wednesday Trump took to Twitter to accuse Opec of "driving prices higher" and insisted there "must be a two way street".
    British Grand Prix: Kimi Raikkonen gives blunt response on Lewis Hamilton collision

    British Grand Prix: Kimi Raikkonen gives blunt response on Lewis Hamilton collision

    Raikkonen was later given a 10second penalty during the race, but managed to finish in third place. Vettel is still in the championship lead, but it's still within touching distance for Hamilton .
    Iran condemns deportation of its diplomats from Netherlands

    Iran condemns deportation of its diplomats from Netherlands

    Three other people were also arrested in France in connection with the case, two of whom were released. He described the Dutch government move as illogical and with no legal justification.
  • Six boys exit the cave, says senior official

    Six boys exit the cave, says senior official

    Reporting from Chiang Rai, Al Jazeera's Scott Heidler said it had started raining again on Sunday. One of the boys, identified as Tun, wrote: "Mom and Dad, please don't worry, I am fine".

    The earth removed from the Sun at the farthest distance

    At periphelion, Earth is about 147.1 million kilometers from the Sun, which is the closest point to the Sun. A complete revolution around the Sun is completed in 365 days 6 hours 9 minutes and 10 seconds.
    Tour de France: Peter Sagan wins stage two to take yellow jersey

    Tour de France: Peter Sagan wins stage two to take yellow jersey

    Froome is seeking to defend his title from 12 months ago and become the fifth man to win this Grand Tour five times. He had more than enough to hold off Sagan and don the iconic yellow jersey at the end of a dramatic first day.

Lewis Hamilton says he lost rhythm after early Q3 error Lewis Hamilton says he lost rhythm after early Q3 error Leclerc has been hit with a five-place grid penalty after suffering a gearbox failure in FP3, meaning he is set to start 18th. Pole-sitter Valtteri Bottas also retired on a woeful day for Mercedes .

Guild Wars 2 writers fired after heated Twitter exchange Guild Wars 2 writers fired after heated Twitter exchange Price didn't take Deroir's comments well, responding with, "thanks for trying to tell me what we do internally, my dude". Price's tweets began a flurry of activity on the Guild Wars 2 subreddit .

Israel says it covers executed spy's wristwatch Israel says it covers executed spy's wristwatch This Rosh Hashanah (Jewish New Year) it will be transferred to the custody of the family", the espionage agency said. She said that she was pleased to have it, "I felt it was part of his body, his blood is on that watch".

Antonio Conte returns for Chelsea training amid job uncertainty Antonio Conte returns for Chelsea training amid job uncertainty Napoli president Aurelio De Laurentiis is reportedly playing hard-ball as Chelsea look to finally bring in Maurizio Sarri as their new manager.

Brown: McLaren success could be years away Brown: McLaren success could be years away Brown himself said he had consulted the drivers about the changes to the team's structure, but Alonso disagrees that was the case. We closed a little bit of the gap to Renault , but the gap more closed on us from behind, so I think that's got to be the goal.

ZTE names new CEO, other top executives to comply with US mandate ZTE names new CEO, other top executives to comply with US mandate ZTE has promised to change its top management within 30 days of agreeing a $1.4 billion settlement with US authorities in June. Shares in the company are down more than 50% since the stock started trading in June after a two-month suspension.

Ford Says No Plans for Now to Hike China Prices Ford Says No Plans for Now to Hike China Prices For now Ford says it will not increase its manufacturer's suggested retail price or MSRP, for its lineup of cars sent to China. Past year the brand sold 54,124 vehicles in China, the world's largest auto market, up 66 percent from 2016.

Brazilian Paulinho returns to China's Guangzhou - Liga 2018 Brazilian Paulinho returns to China's Guangzhou - Liga 2018 Brazil midfielder Paulinho has left Barcelona to rejoin his former club Guangzhou Evergrande , the Chinese club have announced. Barcelona midfielder Paulinho has confirmed he has an offer to return to the Chinese Super League .

'Ant-Man and the Wasp' marks Marvel's 20th straight No. 1 opening 'Ant-Man and the Wasp' marks Marvel's 20th straight No. 1 opening Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom took 3rd place with $28.5 million, bringing its worldwide take to just over a billion dollars. Other openings include an estimated $2.1 million in France, $1.48 million in Germany and $1.14 million in Spain.

Theresa May's Cabinet in crisis as David Davis resigns over Brexit plan Theresa May's Cabinet in crisis as David Davis resigns over Brexit plan Labour Party chairman Ian Lavery said: "This is absolute chaos and Theresa May has no authority left". With those two advantages, the prime minister appears to hold her colleagues in check.

Gal Gadot Visited a Children's Hospital Dressed Up as Wonder Woman Gal Gadot Visited a Children's Hospital Dressed Up as Wonder Woman The Washington Examiner reported Sunday that Gadot dropped by the Inova Children's Hospital in Annandale, Va. Out of the several films tied into the DCEU, Wonder Woman has been the most praised, by far.

Maisie Williams says goodbye to ‘Game of Thrones’ with bloody photo Maisie Williams says goodbye to ‘Game of Thrones’ with bloody photo "That would be bad if I got the ending tattooed on my body, just before the last season came out", she told Digital Spy . Maisie is seen wearing white sneakers covered in blood in the pic.

Britain's Gove says Brexit plan is a realistic compromise Britain's Gove says Brexit plan is a realistic compromise Brexiteers in the ruling Conservative Party expressed concern at the deal, while those favouring a "soft Brexit" expressed relief. Prime Minister Theresa May and her cabinet begin discussions about the government's Brexit plans at Chequers on July 6, 2018.

Real Madrid target Thibaut Courtois reveals Blues decision date Real Madrid target Thibaut Courtois reveals Blues decision date Alisson is now with Brazil's World Cup squad in Russian Federation who are preparing for their quarter-final against Belgium on Friday.

Four-year-old girl with cerebral palsy takes first steps Four-year-old girl with cerebral palsy takes first steps Video of a precious, incredible little girl has gone viral, all because of her wonderful courage and determination to walk. Heartwarming video has emerged showing the moment a little girl with cerebral palsy walked for the first time.