Wednesday, 20 June, 2018

India achieves a new height, discovers new planet

Indian scientists discover planet 600 light years away from Earth Representative image | Pixabay
Cary Marshall | 11 June, 2018, 16:26

Image courtesy of Physical Research Laboratory.

The found planet is reportedly a sub-Saturn or super-Neptune-sized planet which has a radius six times that of earth, ISRO stated in its announcement on Friday. One revolution around the sun planets do six and 20 days. The information was released in the form of an ISRO press release.

The planet is seven times nearer to the host star than the Earth-Sun distance which leads to its surface temperature to 600°C.

The planet has been discovered using an indigenous spectrograph known as PRL Advance Radial Velocity Abu-sky Search or PARAS along with a 1.2m Telescope. Now, India has joined the group of countries that have discovered planets around stars. Very few such spectrographs exist around the world (mostly in the U.S. and in the Europe) that can do such precise measurements.

They estimate that all the planets discovered will have temperatures at least tens of degrees higher than those of the planet Earth due to the strong radiation they receive in their close orbits to their star.

More news: The 'B' in IHOB stands for ... wait for it ... BURGERS!

Scientists have claimed that the discovery will help in the understanding of the formation mechanism of super-Neptune or sub-Saturn kind of planets that are too close to the host star. The name of the host star is EPIC 211945201 or K2-236.

The planet has been named EPIC 211945201b or K2-236b and it's big - around 27 times more massive than Earth.

According to SciTech Daily, John Grunsfeld, from NASA's Science Mission Directorate, explained that the Kepler spacecraft has yielded many surprises, and with the discovery of three new rocky planet, s we may be closer now to learning whether these other planetary systems may harbor life of some kind. By measuring the amount of light blocked by the planet body, we can measure the diameter or size of the planet. It was found to be 6 Earth radii but did the data available on it was not sufficient to confirm its nature.

The scientists observed the target over a time 420 days or about 1.5 years.

However, calculations suggest that the heavy elements, ice, silicates, and iron content are 60-70 % of the total mass.

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