Monday, 20 August, 2018

Dr. Virginia Apgar, pioneer behind Apgar score, being celebrated with Google doodle

Google doodle celebrates Dr Virginia Apgar the doctor behind unique newborn score Google Doodle celebrates 109th birthday of Dr Virgini..e Apgar Score for summarising the health of a newborn
Celia Hoffman | 08 June, 2018, 04:22

Google on Thursday created an animated doodle dedicated to Dr. Virginia Apgar, who is best known for developing the "Apgar score" to test newborn infants.

Apgar was quick to realise the trend and concentrated on the methods for decreasing the infant mortality rate specifically within the first 24 hours of the newborn's life. Her score has a range of zero to ten based on tot's condition and helped resuscitate infants struggling to breathe.

Dr Apgar was born on June 7, 1909 and was raised in Westfield, New Jersey, US.

The American anesthesiologist would have been celebrating her 109th birthday.

She was appointed the first woman Professor at the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University in 1949, according to a biography of the clinician at the Columbia University website.

When she graduated in 1925 she knew she wanted to become a doctor and completed a residency at P&S in 1937.

Apgar was encouraged to study anesthesiology and became interested in the field of obstetrical anesthesia where she would make her greatest contributions. The Apgar test is conducted a minute after birth, and again four minutes later, in order to judge the effectiveness of intervention. The scoring system, which has since saved countless babies, evaluates newborns' health on five factors: heart rate, respiration, skin color, muscle tone, and reflexes.

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Apgar graduated from the College of Physicians and Surgeons at Columbia University in the United States with flying colours. She did so and, at 29, she became the sole practicing anesthetist at Columbia until the mid-1940s. The Apgar score was quickly adopted by hospitals across the US and eventually worldwide and is credited for lowering the national infant mortality rate.

She received a masters degree in public health at Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, graduating in 1959.

Virginia Apgar was trained as a surgeon who specialised in anaesthesiology.

She authored the book, "Is My Baby All Rights", with journalist Joan Beck in 1972. She lost her elder sibling to tuberculosis, and seeing her brother suffering from childhood illness made Apgar choose medicine.

She died on 7 August, 1974 because of a liver failure, a disease also called as cirrhosis.

Apart from music, she nurtured her garden and also enjoyed collecting stamps.

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